Cure for HIV/AIDS is not developed yet despite millions of people have been affected by the deadly epidemic. The Human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a type of retrovirus that inserts its DNA into the infected patient’s CD4 white blood cells and alter their genome cells permanently. In the last few years, we have been able to turn HIV from an unknown disease to a manageable chronic condition where people can live longer lives.
But there are still 37.9 million people infected with HIV/AIDS living around the world. HIV drugs are so much versatile that some of them are even used in the treatment of the recent COVID-19 disease. There are many HIV therapies currently in use and certain future drugs in the pipeline that will cure the disease completely very soon.
Current Therapies and Future Drugs to Cure HIV
There is currently no cure for HIV and AIDS but we have been able to prolong the patient’s life by certain treatments and therapies. The antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a sort of drug combination which can suppress the virus level to a very low amount and reduce HIV transmission by 96 percent as per WHO. Apart from that, there are 52 HIV drugs and vaccines in development: 32 antiretroviral drugs, 16 vaccines and four cell therapies.
HIV Drugs as Potential COVID-19 Treatments
HIV drugs have also shown effective results in the treatment of other diseases such as Ebola, Cholera and Malaria. There are many cases where doctors have used a type of HIV drug to cure COVID-19 patients and it has shown great results.
— Forbes Science (@ForbesScience) April 22, 2020
Some of the Coronavirus infected patients have been improved by taking Kaletra and clinical trials are under process for further research. The other HIV drugs such as remdesivir, chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, interferon beta-1a, lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra, Aluvia) area also used in COVID-19 treatments.